Pediatric Physiotherapy

School of Allied Health Sciences

Pediatric physiotherapy, also known as pediatric physical therapy, is a specialized branch of physiotherapy focused on addressing the unique needs and challenges faced by infants, children, and adolescents. The goal of pediatric physiotherapy is to promote optimal physical development, improve mobility, enhance functional abilities, and facilitate participation in daily activities and recreational pursuits.


  • Scope of Practice: Pediatric physiotherapists work with children who have a wide range of conditions, including developmental delays, neurological disorders (such as cerebral palsy), genetic disorders, orthopedic injuries, musculoskeletal conditions, respiratory problems, and congenital abnormalities.
  • Developmental Assessment: Conduct comprehensive developmental assessments to evaluate motor skills, movement patterns, sensory processing, balance, coordination, and functional abilities in children of all ages and developmental stages.
  • Early Intervention: Provide early intervention services to infants and young children with developmental delays, congenital conditions, neuromuscular disorders, and other health conditions to promote optimal motor development, sensory integration, and cognitive-behavioral skills during critical periods of growth and neuroplasticity.
  • Rehabilitation: Design individualized rehabilitation programs tailored to the specific needs and goals of each child, which may include therapeutic exercises, manual therapy techniques, neuromuscular re-education, gait training, orthotic management, and assistive device prescription to improve mobility, strength, flexibility, and functional independence.
  • Motor Learning and Skill Acquisition: Facilitate motor learning and skill acquisition through task-specific training, environmental modifications, adaptive equipment, and play-based activities that engage children in meaningful and motivating experiences to promote motor development, cognitive engagement, and social interaction.
  • Family-Centered Care: Collaborate with parents, caregivers, and families to develop family-centered goals, incorporate family priorities and preferences into the treatment plan, provide education on child development and caregiving strategies, and support families in advocating for their child's needs and accessing community resources.
  • Sensory Integration: Address sensory processing difficulties and sensory-motor challenges through sensory integration therapy, sensory-motor activities, environmental adaptations, and sensory diet strategies to improve sensory modulation, arousal regulation, attention, and participation in daily activities.
  • Pain Management: Assess and manage pain in children with acute or chronic musculoskeletal conditions, injuries, post-operative recovery, or complex medical conditions using age-appropriate pain assessment tools, therapeutic interventions, relaxation techniques, and psychosocial support to enhance comfort and functional recovery.
  • Neuromuscular Rehabilitation: Provide specialized rehabilitation services for children with neurological conditions such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, traumatic brain injury, developmental coordination disorder, and genetic disorders, focusing on optimizing motor function, mobility, postural control, and activities of daily living.
  • Community Integration: Support children's participation in recreational activities, sports, school-based programs, and community events by addressing physical, sensory, and social barriers, providing adaptive equipment, facilitating peer interactions, and promoting inclusive environments that foster socialization and skill development.
  • Advocacy and Education: Advocate for the rights and inclusion of children with disabilities or special needs in educational settings, healthcare systems, and community programs, raise awareness about pediatric physiotherapy services, and promote evidence-based practices that enhance the health, well-being, and quality of life of children and their families.