Orthopedic and Manual Therapy

School of Allied Health Sciences

Orthopaedic and Manual Therapy is dedicated to the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders and injuries affecting the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves.Manual therapy physiotherapy involves the skilled manipulation and mobilization of soft tissues and joints to alleviate pain, improve joint mobility, and enhance musculoskeletal functionThe primary goal of orthopedic physiotherapy is to alleviate pain, improve mobility, restore function, and prevent recurrence of injury.


  • Comprehensive Assessment: Orthopedic physiotherapists conduct thorough evaluations to identify the underlying causes of musculoskeletal problems. This may involve assessing movement patterns, strength, flexibility, posture, gait, and functional abilities.
  • Individualized Treatment Plans: Based on the assessment findings, orthopedic physiotherapists develop personalized treatment plans tailored to the specific needs and goals of each patient. Treatment modalities may include therapeutic exercises, manual therapy techniques, electrotherapy, heat or cold therapy, and functional training.
  • Exercise Prescription: Therapeutic exercises play a central role in orthopedic physiotherapy, aiming to improve strength, flexibility, endurance, balance, and proprioception. Exercises are prescribed based on the stage of healing, functional limitations, and individual capabilities.
  • Manual Therapy: Orthopedic physiotherapists may incorporate manual therapy techniques such as joint mobilizations, soft tissue mobilization, muscle energy techniques, myofascial release, and neural mobilization to restore joint mobility, reduce pain, and improve tissue flexibility.
  • Post-Surgical Rehabilitation: Orthopedic physiotherapy is crucial in the rehabilitation process following orthopedic surgeries, such as joint replacements, ligament reconstructions, and fracture repairs. Rehabilitation programs focus on promoting tissue healing, regaining range of motion, strengthening muscles, and facilitating return to functional activities.
  • Education and Prevention: Orthopedic physiotherapists provide education to patients on injury prevention strategies, proper body mechanics, ergonomics, and self-management techniques to minimize the risk of future injuries or recurrences.

Manual Therapy

  • Focus: Manual therapy is a hands-on approach to treating musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction through skilled manipulation of joints, soft tissues, and nerves.
  • Techniques: Manual therapists use various techniques such as joint mobilization, manipulation, soft tissue mobilization, myofascial release, and neural mobilization to restore normal movement patterns and alleviate pain.
  • Mechanism of Action: These techniques aim to improve joint mobility, reduce muscle tension, enhance circulation, and promote healing.
  • Indications: Manual therapy is often used in conjunction with other physical therapy interventions to address conditions such as neck pain, back pain, joint stiffness, limited range of motion, headaches, and nerve impingements.
  • Certification:Manual therapists typically undergo specialized training and certification in manual therapy techniques to ensure competency and safety in pactice.