Neurological and Psychosomatic Disorder

School of Allied Health Sciences

Neurological and psychosomatic disorder physiotherapy involves specialized rehabilitation interventions tailored to address the physical impairments and functional limitations associated with neurological conditions and psychosomatic disorders. Here's a brief overview of each:

Neurological Physiotherapy:

Neurological physiotherapy focuses on treating individuals with neurological conditions affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), peripheral nervous system, and neuromuscular system. This specialty area encompasses a wide range of conditions, including stroke, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, cerebral palsy, and peripheral neuropathies.


  • Diagnosis and Assessment: Accurately diagnose neurological and psychosomatic disorders through comprehensive clinical assessments, medical history review, physical examinations, and, when necessary, neuroimaging and psychological evaluations.
  • Symptom Management: Alleviate symptoms associated with neurological and psychosomatic disorders such as pain, cognitive impairment, mood disturbances, sensory abnormalities, and motor dysfunction through pharmacological interventions, psychotherapy, rehabilitation techniques, and other symptom-specific therapies.
  • Treatment Planning: Develop individualized treatment plans tailored to the specific needs and circumstances of each patient, considering factors such as the nature and severity of the disorder, co-occurring medical or psychiatric conditions, personal preferences, and social support systems.
  • Multidisciplinary Care: Coordinate multidisciplinary care teams consisting of neurologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, occupational therapists, physical therapists, speech-language pathologists, and other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive and holistic care addressing the complex interplay between neurological and psychological factors.
  • Rehabilitation and Functional Improvement: Implement rehabilitation programs aimed at optimizing functional abilities, promoting independence, and enhancing quality of life for individuals affected by neurological and psychosomatic disorders, including physical, cognitive, speech, and vocational rehabilitation interventions.
  • Psychosocial Support: Provide psychosocial support, counseling, and education to patients and their families to help them cope with the emotional, social, and practical challenges associated with living with neurological and psychosomatic disorders, fostering resilience, self-management skills, and social inclusion.
  • Education and Empowerment: Educate patients, families, caregivers, and the community about neurological and psychosomatic disorders, their causes, symptoms, treatment options, prognosis, and strategies for self-care, self-advocacy, and stigma reduction to empower individuals to actively participate in their care and make informed decisions.
  • Prevention and Risk Reduction: Implement preventive measures and risk reduction strategies aimed at minimizing the incidence, progression, and complications of neurological and psychosomatic disorders, including lifestyle modifications, early intervention programs, environmental modifications, and public health initiatives.
  • Research and Innovation: Engage in research endeavors to advance scientific understanding, diagnostic techniques, treatment modalities, and preventive strategies for neurological and psychosomatic disorders, fostering innovation and continuous improvement in clinical care.
  • Advocacy and Policy Development: Advocate for the needs and rights of individuals affected by neurological and psychosomatic disorders at the local, national, and international levels, contributing to the development of policies, programs, and resources that promote access to equitable, affordable, and high-quality care for all.